Monitor your hardware and services.
This week we participated, with the colleagues from Cyber Command, in the milCERT exercise organized by the European Defence Agency (EDA). During this exercise the participating teams get tested in a task driven response & investigation activities on full-scale IT Infrastructure live fire environment.Read
Scapy is a wonderful Python library that allows to craft packets and send them on a network. In this blog post we show how Scapy can be used to read a pcap file, in order to detect abnormal behavior.Read
Loki is a log database developed by Grafana Labs. It is similar to Elasticsearch, with some major conceptual differences:Read
Loki is a log database developed by Grafana Labs. In a previous blog post we have shown how to run Loki with docker-compose. In this blog post we will deploy Loki on a Kubernetes cluster, and we will use it to monitor the log of our pods.Read
Recently I have encountered an error I wasn't too familiar with how to resolve, working with the ELK Stack. This specific error is the "[circuit_breaking_exception] [parent] Data too large, data for [<http_request>]". It is not directly visible where the error originates from, but with some sleuthing I discovered that it is caused by Elasticsearch preventing some requests from executing to avoid possible out of memory errors, as detailed in Elasticsearch Circuit Breaker documentation.Read
In modern network infrastructures, there are a lot of sources of data, that can be of interest for collection and analysis, to see if possible suspicious activity is present in the network. More often than not, this data is collected and send to a Security Information and Event Management (SIEM) tool, running on the network, where it can be processed and reviewed by domain specialists.Read
Managing big networks can be quite complicated- many inbound and outbound requests, network traffic, email correspondence and other activities that need to be monitored. It is quite easy for an attacker to obfuscate his actions, when we are confronted with large amounts of network data to analyze. Luckily there are ways to aggregate all this data and store it so it can be reviewed and hopefully discover any abnormal activity. Of course, I am talking about the use of a Security Information and Event Management (SIEM) framework. One such framework that has gained a lot of popularity, because of its modularity and open-source nature, is the ElasticSearch/Logstash/Kibana framework.Read